Saturday, December 28, 2019

The Organization of American States - 655 Words

The Organization of American States is the world’s oldest regional organization, having roots as far back as the 1826 Congress of Panama (United States Permanent Mission, n.d.). The Charter of the OAS was signed in 1948 by 21 member states and entered into force by December 1951, officially creating the Organization of American States. Today, 35 independent countries of the America have ratified the Charter and belong to the Organization, and over 68 other states, as well as the European Union, have been granted permanent observer status. The primary focus of the Organization, as stipulated in Article 1 of the Charter, is to achieve among its member states â€Å"an order of peace and justice, to promote their solidarity, to strengthen their collaboration, and to defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity, and their independence† (Charter of the Organization of American States, 1967). While trade is not one of the Organization’s original four main pilla rs (those being democracy, human rights, security, and development), in recent years, more emphasis has been placed on trade. In 1945, the Inter-American Economic and Social Council (CIES) was founded, and under the 1948 charter, became one of the permanent organs of the OAS. It originally had two committees: the Permanent Executive Committee (CEPCIES), and the Special Committee for Consultation and Negotiation (CECON). The 1993 Protocol of Managua created the Inter-American Council for Integral DevelopmentShow MoreRelatedEssay on Cross Cultural Perspectives1036 Words   |  5 PagesCross-Cultural Perspectives Organizations come in many different forms and sizes. An organization is any entity that purses a mission or serves a purpose in a society or community. Businesses, governments, schools, charities, etc., are all different types of organizations. 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